In response to the Sharpeville Massacre, some of the ANC leaders, including Chief Luthuli and Nelson Mandela, publicly burnt their pass books. Mandela wrote: “We conveyed our plans to Chief Luthuli, and he readily accepted them."
On 26 March in Pretoria, Chief Luthuli publicly burned his pass, calling on others to do the same. He announced a nationwide stay-at-home on 28 March, a national day of mourning and protest for the atrocities at Sharpeville. "In Orlando, Duma Nokwe and I then burned our passes before hundreds of people and dozens of press photographers.” (Long Walk to Freedom, 1995)